Argentina is the second largest country in South America and the eighth largest in the world. With its striking landscapes, cosmopolitan cities and dynamic culture, Argentina is known as a traveler’s paradise.
Argentina is situated in southern South America, with the Andes on the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east and south. Argentina has a total surface area (excluding the Antarctic claim and areas controlled by the United Kingdom) of 2,780,400 km2 (square kilometer); of this, 43,710 km2 or 1.57%, is water. Argentina has six main regions. The Pampas are fertile lowlands located in the center and east. The Mesopotamia is lowland enclosed by the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, and the Gran Chaco is between the Mesopotamia and the Andes. Cuyo is at the east side of the Andes, and the Argentine Northwest is at the North of it. The Patagonia is a large plateau to the south.
The generally temperate climate ranges from subtropical in the north to sub polar in the far south. The north is characterized by very hot, humid summers with mild drier winters, and is subject to periodic droughts. Central Argentina has a temperate climate, with hot summers with thunderstorms, and cool winters; and higher moisture at the east. The southern regions have warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, especially in mountainous zones.
- Buenos Aires
- Bahía Blanca
- San Salvador de Jujuy
- La Plata
- Mar del Plata
- Santiago del Estero
- Santa Fe
- San Juan
The country code for Argentina is 54 and the international call prefix is 00.
Major Attractions (Travellers/Students):
Argentina is the most visited country in South America and the fourth most visited in the Americas. From the café culture of Buenos Aires to the natural beauty of Iguazu Waterfalls and the Perito Moreno glacier, Argentina has something to offer visitors of all kinds. Some of the world’s most dramatic scenery can be found here in the Patagonian Stepp, the Andes, and the lush Lake District.
Five must-visit tourist attractions in Argentina:
- Iguazú Falls
- Buenos Aires
- Glacier Perito Moreno
- Reserva Provincial Esteros del Iberá