From the freezing Arctic Circle, the scrubby semi-desert of southern British Columbia, to the cascading cliffs of the Maritime Provinces, and from Alberta’s massive graveyard of dinosaur bones, to the Northern Lights, this second largest nation in the world is an incredible tourist attraction. Canada is a country filled with fantastic friendly people, classy cities, and a diverse and beautiful landscape.
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Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Canada occupies a major northern portion of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the US state of Alaska to the northwest. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. Greenland is to the northeast, while Saint Pierre and Miquelon is south of Newfoundland. By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world, after Russia. By land area alone, Canada ranks fourth. Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a total length of 202,080 kilometers (km); additionally, its border with the United States is the world's longest land border, stretching 8,891 km.
Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near −15 °C, but can drop below −40 °C with severe wind chills. In non-coastal regions, snow can cover the ground for almost six months of the year, while in parts of the north snow can persist year-round. Coastal British Columbia has a temperate climate, with a mild and rainy winter. On the east and west coasts, average high temperatures are generally in the low 20s °C, while between the coasts, the average summer high temperature ranges from 25 to 30 °C, with temperatures in some interior locations occasionally exceeding 40 °C.
Canada's two official languages are Canadian English and Canadian French. English and French are the first languages of 58 and 22 per cent of the population, while Statistics Canada's 2011 National Household Survey revealed that 430,705 Canadians identified Punjabi as their mother tongue, thus making it the third most common language of the country.
Major Attractions (Travellers/Students):
From the ice in the Yukon, to beaches on the east coast, to the mountains of Calgary, and the rainforests of Vancouver, the country has lots to offer.
Five must-visit tourist attractions in Canada:
- The Canadian Rockies
- Niagara Falls
- Pacific Rim National Park
- Cabot Trail (Nova Scotia)
The country code for Canada is 1 and the international call prefix is 00, while the exit code is 011, needed for making any international calls from Canada.
The emergency number for police and fire brigade and/or ambulance is 911.
Travel tips for Canada:
- Canada, like the USA has a strong culture of tipping. It's usually good tipping etiquette to leave 10-20 percent, depending upon the service you received.
- Avoid using coins as your sole method of payment, the shopkeeper has full right to refuse the payment exceeding the stated coin limits.
- Mains voltage in Canada is 120 volts, with the frequency of 60 Hz and the power sockets are of type A or B so an appropriate converters and adapters are needed.